Issue 4 Winter 2000                                             POBox 3351, Stat B, Fredericton NB E3A 5H1


President’s Report

The Base Gagetown Community History Assoc. Executive has been meeting on a regular basis as well as several community committees. A decision was made to hold our 2003 celebration on the Queens County Fair Grounds at Gagetown during the Aug. 4 NB holiday weekend.

We have a full time researcher until June at no cost to us, working at the Provincial Archives photocopying the school records and assisting our members with any research material they may require for family and community research.

We would also encourage individual families to consider planning for their own reunion in the summer of 2003 as this would give those traveling a distance an opportunity to attend both  a family and the Base reunion and also assist our Association in compiling a comprehensive mail list of all the Base families and their descendants. Our executive has information on planning a successful family reunion.

For publicity and fundraising, we have rented a double site at the Sussex Flea Market held on Aug 18, 19 & 20 and a booth at the Queens County Fair Sept 14, 15 & 16  at Gagetown and will be looking for volunteers to work at both locations. Also the Sussex High School Auditorium has been reserved for Saturday evening,  May 13 for our annual  jamboree featuring talent from the Base communities. Our application for funding to purchase quality audio and transcribing equipment for oral interviews, computer scanning and storage for recording historical  and family photographs has been resubmitted to the Millennium Fund.

An Internet mail list for our Association has been on-line for several months and has nearly 30 members signed on. To subscribe send an e-mail message to with nothing in the subject or body and follow the return instructions. At the same site are the Petersville Parish Anglican and New Jerusalem Methodist (United) Church Records (births, deaths, marriages) for research purposes.

I trust that most of the families have started on their  genealogy research and our Association will endeavor to assist those communities who have not held committee meetings with their research. The material that is collected in the next two years will determine what is available for publication for 2003.

We also would like to compile an inventory of all  historical items such as  community and family photographs, church, school, business historical records that you may have in your possession or may  have knowledge of so they can be transcribed or copied  for future publication.

We require an editor for this newsletter and volunteers with computers to process the school records, family and community histories as they are submitted. Also if there is a graphic artist among your acquaintances or family, we are looking for someone to design a logo for our Association


David McKinney, President


506 357-5444



From The Past


The Inch Family of Ulster, Ireland and New Brunswick, Canada was published in 1912 and republished by the family in 1981. Written by Dr. James Robert Inch who was  born at New Jerusalem NB in 1835, Dr. Inch  spent 37 years at Mount Allison University, Sackville NB, joining their staff in 1854, serving as their President from 1878 to 1891. In 1891 he was  appointed President of the Senate of the University of New Brunswick and  Chief Superintendent of Education for NB and moved to Fredericton. When he retired to Sackville in 1909 due to ill health,  he had been continuously engaged in public educational work for nearly sixty years.

Below is some of the family history from his book, a truly remarkable pioneer family;


Nathaniel Inch and his wife, Ann Armstrong had a family of nine children, six sons and three daughters as follows in order of their birth: Ann, Leonard, John, (born in Ireland) George, William, Elizabeth Frances, Nathaniel, James Robert and Phoebe Jane (born in New Jerusalem). The latter died Nov. 22 1844 in the sixth year of her age. All the others lived to maturity and had families of their own. ...At the time of his death (in 1891), his living descendants numbered 115;  7 children, 33 grand-children, 70 gg children,and 5 gg grand-children. Forty of his descendants had pre-deceased him. At the date of this writing (April 1912) the number of his living descendants is 195 and 56 deceased.

....On July 1st 1824 they sailed from Londonderry for Saint John New Brunswick (with three children, the oldest was Ann, 5 years of age) which they reached on Aug. 13th after a somewhat stormy journey of 43 days. They remained in Saint John only four days, and then went by schooner up the river to Gagetown. There they remained about a month when they moved a few miles down  the river to a place known as Fox’s. In the following year (1825) he bought from S. Haviland for 62 pounds, 10s, 5d, 300 acres of wilderness land situated some 8 or 10 miles back from the river, in a place to which had been given, by one of the early settlers, the name of New Jerusalem. The only settlers in the place at the time were Elijah Crabb, Timothy Morrill and Henry Sharp. The land he bought was in unbroken forest. The first trees cut down served to build a house into which the family moved and in which they lived for 20 years afterwards. The farm bought from Haviland was divided with his brother, John Inch, who had emigrated to New Brunswick some years before. 

...It is not easy in these modern days to estimate or even to imagine the difficulties and privations which these pioneers had to meet and overcome in the early settlement of the country. Without roads, except mere bridle paths cut through the forest, with very few mills, widely separated from each other, to grind their grain and supply lumber for their buildings, the nearest town being Saint John, to reach which they were obliged to tramp 10 miles to the river, whence by such small boats as they might be able to obtain, they rowed or sailed to the city, returning the same way  with such supplies as they were able to carry.


Surely these heroic men and women deserve the admiration and gratitude of their descendants whose lines have fallen in pleasant places, and who posess the goodly heritage won by the toil and the thrift of the sturdy pioneers who first lifted up the axe upon the thick trees.


We have an enthusiastic executive of 40 volunteers and over 200 on our mailing list. I would encourage those who are not  members and  previous members to purchase or renew their memberships as the Association depends on this revenue to cover our meeting, office and mail-out expenses.


At an executive meeting there has been some preliminary discussion on a group tour to Ireland in a couple of years. Probably 80 to 90 % of the families that settled the Base communities were from

Ireland and we would encourage anyone who is interested in researching their Irish roots and participating in a tour to do as much family research on this side as possible before going to Ireland.


Learn everything possible about the immigrant and his family from North American records. It is nearly impossible to trace ancestors without first knowing the place of origin in Ireland. You will want to have searched every possible source for clues as to this place of origin before you begin research in Irish records. If you do this it will greatly improve your chance of success in doing Irish research.

 These include family records-old letters, bibles etc., obituaries, church records, land petitions, probate records and census records. If you know the county, parish and townland it will be much easier to find the family records from both North American and Irish sources.

 Since most of the emigrants that settled in the Base communities came in the 1800 to 1850 period, the source of Irish records are limited. There were no Irish census, emigration and only local church records up to this period. Several government surveys which are on record from about  1790 to 1850 and are the main source of  locating a family for this period.

They are the Spinning Wheel or Flax Growers List which is a list of over 56,000 landowners in Ireland to whom premiums were paid for the sowing of flax seed in the year 1796 and they would be awarded according to the amount of land planted with spinning wheels and looms in the days when linen was an important crop and many farmers were engaged in weaving in their own homes.

 The Tithes Applotment Books (1823-1836) were an income tax on farming, about one tenth of the annual income  and was used for the upkeep of the Church of Ireland. The Tithe surveys were carried out in each parish to assess what the income would be for that parish. The information includes the townland name, landholders and tenant farmer’s name and area of land and tithes paid.

 Griffith’s Valuation (1848-1864)  was undertaken to assess property and assign tax. It is an important source for tracing families  living in Ireland in the middle of the nineteenth century. It gives the name of each occupier or tenant, townland or city location and the area and value of the landholdings.

The above records are available on microfilm  at  libraries,  archives, Mormon (LDS) Centers and sold on CD by various genealogy suppliers.



    New_______2000  Membership Form Renewal  _______


NAME __________________________________PHONE # _____________




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   Base Gagetown Community History Assoc.

POBox 3351, Stat. B, Fredericton NB E3A 5H1