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INCH FAMILY
*** Contributed by Eric Inch

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The progenitor of the Inch family of New Jerusalem was Nathaniel Inch Sr. , who arrived with his wife, Ann Armstrong, and three small children in 1824. He had been born in Ederney, Northern Ireland, in 1797 and had married Ann in 1817. The family spent their first year in Canada near Gagetown, but moved to Jerusalem in 1826, to a farm purchased from Sylvanus Haviland, and where his great grandson Jim Inch lived in 1952.

The farm in 1826 consisted of unbroken forest, so the first task was to clear some land and build a log house, in which the family lived for twenty years. They had nine children in all, the first three born in Northern Ireland. They were: Ann, Leonard, John, George, William, Elizabeth Frances, Nathaniel Jr, James Robert and Phoebe Jane, who died at the age of five.

Nathaniel's wife, Ann, died in 1878 at the age of 81. Nathaniel died in 1891, at the age of 93. He lived the last years of his life with his son, Nathaniel Jr., in the house which had been built on the site of the original log house built in 1826.

In the material which follows I shall follow only those descendants of Nathaniel who lived in Jerusalem up to 1953.

SECOND GENERATION

John Inch, the third child of Nathaniel Sr., was born in 1824 and married Jane Porter of Long Reach in 1848. Their children who lived to maturity were: George Alfred, Annie Amelia, Nathaniel, William Teed and Mary Alice. John, who was a farmer and Justice of the Peace, lived on the farm just west of the Peak of the Grant. He died in 1902, his wife Jane died in 1883.

Elizabeth Frances, sixth child of Nathaniel Sr., was born in 1830, was married to Alexander Machum in 1849 and died in 1891. Her husband died in 1898. They had eight children: James, Thomas William, Eliza Ann, Amelia Jane, John Samuel, George Alfred, Edwin Robinson, and Harry.

Nathaniel Inch Jr., seventh child of Nathaniel Sr, was born in 1832 and lived all his life on the farm his father had founded in 1826. He married Eliza Porter in 1859 and had three children: William Spencer, Edith, and Fanny. Eliza died in 1866 and Nathaniel married for the second time to Lydia Sleep. They had six children, but all but one fell victim within a month to a particularly virulent strain of diphtheria in 1880. Nathaniel Jr. died in 1923 at the age of 91.

James R., youngest son of Nathaniel Sr., was born in 1835 and died about 1915. He did not live in Jerusalem as an adult, but had a distinguished academic career in New Brunswick, serving as president of Mount Allison University in 1878 and as Chief Superintendent of Education in New Brunswick in 1891. He married Mary Alice Dunn in 1854 and had one daughter, Annie.

THIRD GENERATION

William Teed Inch was the fourth child of John Inch and Jane Porter. He was born in 1863 and married Bertha Webb in 1884. They lived on the farm handed down from Teed's father and had four children: Edwin, Hilda, Rheta and Ronald. Teed died in 1926; his wife, Bertha, lived until 1945.

Thomas William Machum was the second child of Elizabeth Frances Inch and Alexander Machum. He was born in 1851 and in 1873 he married Alice Smith. They had one child, Franklin. They lived on a farm on the Short Road just across from the south end of the Ridge Road. Thomas died in 1931 while Alice lived until 1937.

George Alfred Machum was the sixth child of Elizabeth Frances Inch and Alexander Machum. He was born in 1862 and in 1883 he married Esther Howe. They had six children: Jessie, Edwin, Harry, Leila, Edith and Alfred. They lived on the old homestead on the east side of the road near Wallace's Corner. Edwin died in 1913 and Edith in 1917, both of tuberculosis. Esther died in 1928 and George married Ida Kee in 1929. Alfred died in 1942.

William Spencer Inch was the eldest child of Nathaniel Inch Jr. and Eliza Porter. He was born in 1860 and married Althea Johnson in 1884. They had three children: Gertrude, James and Percy. They lived on the original Inch homestead. William died of tuberculosis in 1900 and Althea died in 1936.

Edith Inch was the second child of Nathaniel Jr. and Eliza. She was born in 1863 and married Alfred Burgess in 1884. They lived on the farm just north of the United Church, later owned by Caswell Vallis. They had one daughter, Margaret. Alfred died in 1928 and Edith died in 1950.

FOURTH GENERATION

Ronald Inch was the fourth child of William Teed Inch and Bertha Webb. He was born in 1896 and in 1925 he married Elsie Machum. They had two children: Norman, who died at the age of three, and Allison. Ronald lived on his father's farm near the Peak of the Grant until 1952, then moved to Public Landing where he died in 1972. Elsie died in 2000.

Frank Machum was the only child of Tom Machum and Alice Smith. He was born in 1876, followed his father on the farm and in 1898 he married Lillian Howe. They had eight children, one of whom died in infancy. The surviving children were: Clarence, Nita, Elsie, Helen, Edna, Walter and Howard. Frank died in Acamac in 1966 ; Lillian had died of pneumonia in 1914.

Jessie Machum was the eldest child of George Alfred Machum and Esther Howe. She was born in 1885 and married Robert Howe in 1909. They lived on the farm immediately south of the original Inch homestead. They had no children. Jessie died in 1966, Robert in 1952.

Harry Machum was the third child of George Alfred Machum and Esther Howe. He was born in 1888 and in 1918 he married Annie Kirpatrick. They lived in Jerusalem until 1929, when he gave up farming and moved to Browns Flat. Their children were Evelyn, Ronald, Eldon, Mary, Royden and Verna. Harry died in 1963; Annie died in 1983.

Alfred Machum was the youngest child of George Alfred Machum and Esther Howe. He was born in 1899 . In 1930 he married Alice Lourie and they lived on the old Machum place until 1939, when they moved to St. Stephen. They had no children

Gertrude Inch was the eldest child of William Spencer Inch and Althea Johnson. She was born in 1884 and in 1903 she married David Smith. They lived between the Lake Baptist Church and Inchby Corner and for many years they ran the Jerusalem telephone exchange and serviced the phone lines in the community. David died in 1943; Gertie moved to the Narrows in 1953 and lived with her brother, Percy Inch, until her death in 1974.

James Inch was the second child of William and Althea Inch. He was born in 1887 and lived until 1953 on the original Inch homestead. In 1917 he married Minnie Vallis and they had two children, Murray and Alexander.

In 1953 they moved to Welsford, where Minnie died in the same year. Jim died in 1965.

Percy Inch was the youngest child of William and Althea Inch. He was born in 1891 and in 1919 married Grace Short on New Years Day. They lived until 1953 on the farm immediately to the north of the original Inch farm, directly across the road from the Hill Baptist church. They had four children, Eric, Enid, Spencer and Rhoda. Grace died in 1938; Percy moved to Cambridge-Narrows in 1953 and died in 1992 just two months short of his 101st birthday.

Margaret Burgess was the only child of Edith Inch and Alfred Burgess. She was born in 1891 and in 1920 she married Caswell Vallis, with whom she had one son, Edward. She died in 1926.

FIFTH GENERATION

Allison Inch was the second child of Ronald Inch and Elsie Machum. He was born in 1937 and married Gulia Collings in 1959. He followed in his father's footsteps as a violinist and is now known as one of the finest fiddlers in New Brunswick.

Nita Machum, was the second child of Frank Machum and Lillian Howe. She was born in 1902 and in 1928 married Ralph Johnson, living on the farm adjacent to the lake Baptist church. They had four children, Franklin, Floyd, Thelma and Robert. Upon expropriation in 1953 they moved to Greenwich Hill. Ralph died in 1967, Nita died in 1990.

Howard Machum was the youngest child of Frank Machum and Lillian Howe. He was born in 1914. He worked on the farm with his father, eventually taking it over before 1953, He married late in life, to Louise Stubbs in 1968. He died in 1975.

Murray Inch was the eldest child of Jim Inch and Minnie Vallis. He was born in 1920, never married, and lived on the family farm until 1953. He moved to Welsford with his father and lived there until his death in 1998.

Alex Inch was the youngest child of Jim Inch and Minnie Vallis. He was born in 1923 and in 1955 he married Ruth Kelly. They had two children, Janice and Samuel. He has lived in Fredericton since 1953.

Eric Inch was the eldest child of Percy Inch and Grace Short. He was born in 1919 and married Doris McCormack in 1947. They had three children, Larry, David and Marilyn. Doris died in 1998.

Enid Inch was the second child of Percy and Grace Inch, being born in 1920. In the late 1940's she began working for Pat Jenkins at the Loomcroft in Gagetown and has been a fixture there for more than half a century. She has directed the Loomcroft since Pat's death in 1985.

Spencer Inch was the third child of Percy and Grace Inch. He was born in 1923 and married Helen Lawrence in 1965. They lived in London, Ontario, where he died in 1998.

Rhoda Inch was the youngest child of Percy and Grace Inch, born in 1926. Most of her life was spent as a missionary in the Philippines. She now lives on the family home in Cambridge-Narrows.

Edward Vallis was the only child of Caswell Vallis and Margaret Burgess. He was born in 1923 and married Mavis Cochrane in 1952. They lived in Welsford, where Edward died in 1992.